Lester R. Kurtz's Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, Three-Volume PDF

By Lester R. Kurtz

ISBN-10: 0122270118

ISBN-13: 9780122270116

The Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and clash , a three-volume set written by way of greater than 2 hundred eminent participants from world wide, takes good thing about expanding, world wide information within the public, inner most, advertisement, and educational sectors approximately manifestations of violence in all segments of society. whereas the members don't use those volumes to make particular arguments, they do describe and make clear the advancements in idea that experience ended in present theories approximately and positions on violence and peace. Our reviewers continuously notice that whereas many in-depth reviews of battle, peace, and aggression exist, the attendant specialization retains students from studying approximately comparable fields. No book competing with the Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and clash can fulfill their desire for an unlimited introductory paintings to any such diversified and socially-important box. This significant paintings comprises greater than one hundred ninety multidisciplinary articles with over 1,000 cross-references and greater than 2,000 bibliography entries for extra interpreting that are prepared alphabetically for simple entry. Key good points * greater than a hundred ninety multidisciplinary articles with over 1,000 cross-references * Article define and word list of keywords commence every one article * Entries prepared alphabetically for simple entry * Three-volume set with topic index of over 750 entries * Articles written via greater than two hundred eminent members from all over the world

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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, Three-Volume Set

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As with singing, dancing, and painting, trance work is an expressive art. We are all able to sing, dance, and enter trance. However, some of us are gifted. Some gifts can be transformed through training and experience to mastery. Shamans are masters of the ancient arts, the techniques of ecstasy used to induce and utilize the shamanic altered states. The essential characteristics of shamanic altered states are voluntary control of entrance and duration of altered state, the ability to communicate with others during the altered state, and memory of the altered state experience after returning to ordinary consciousness.

In contrast, contemporary Western cultures recognize only three states: consciousness, sleeping, and dreaming. In cultures with an awareness of consciousness, it is believed that adults must cultivate the ability to enter specific altered states in order to maintain mental health. In contemporary Western cultures, the ability to enter altered states is believed to be a symptom of mental illness. Meditation and yoga are examples of traditional disciplines designed to produce specific altered states of consciousness.

The same is true for the shaman and the spirits. It is a working relationship of communication and mutual respect in which each party does its unique part to get the overall job done. Shamans are in relationship with the spirits in a very deep, at times complex, and always very real way. The relationship is always experiential; it is not faith based. Shamans do not believe in spirits; they experience them. Shamans work with the power that flows to them while in relationship with spirit. This power is complex to define.

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Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, Three-Volume Set by Lester R. Kurtz

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