Download PDF by Yu Zheng, Xiaofang Zhou: Computing with Spatial Trajectories

By Yu Zheng, Xiaofang Zhou

ISBN-10: 1461416280

ISBN-13: 9781461416289

Spatial trajectories were bringing the unparalleled wealth to quite a few study groups. A spatial trajectory documents the trails of quite a few relocating items, akin to those that log their trip routes with GPS trajectories. the sector of relocating gadgets similar study has turn into super lively in the previous couple of years, in particular with all significant database and information mining meetings and journals.

Computing with Spatial Trajectories introduces the algorithms, applied sciences, and structures used to strategy, deal with and comprehend present spatial trajectories for various functions. This ebook additionally offers an summary on either basics and the cutting-edge study encouraged by means of spatial trajectory info, in addition to a unique specialize in trajectory trend mining, spatio-temporal info mining and location-based social networks. every one bankruptcy presents readers with a tutorial-style advent to 1 vital element of place trajectory computing, case stories and lots of helpful references to different correct examine paintings.

Computing with Spatial Trajectories is designed as a reference or secondary textual content publication for advanced-level scholars and researchers customarily interested by computing device technology and geography. execs engaged on spatial trajectory computing also will locate this publication very useful.

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Additional info for Computing with Spatial Trajectories

Sample text

By including the next location point in the window). When a new location point pi is added to the sliding window, the line segment pa pi is used to fit the subtrajectory consisting of all the location points within the sliding window. As long as the distance errors for all the location points in the sliding window derived against the potential line segment pa pi are smaller than the user-specified error threshold, the sliding window grows by including the next location point pi+1 . Otherwise, the last valid line segment pa pi−1 is included as part of the approximated trajectory and pi is set as the new anchor point.

The idea is to fit the location points in a growing sliding window with a valid line segment and continue to grow the sliding window and its corresponding line segment until the approximation error exceeds some error bound. error bound. e. by including the next location point in the window). When a new location point pi is added to the sliding window, the line segment pa pi is used to fit the subtrajectory consisting of all the location points within the sliding window. As long as the distance errors for all the location points in the sliding window derived against the potential line segment pa pi are smaller than the user-specified error threshold, the sliding window grows by including the next location point pi+1 .

Global positioning system (GPS), that can be employed to determine the location of a moving object. For example, most of the smart phones already have a built-in GPS receiver and thus can easily derive their own locations. Augmenting the GPS, some positioning techniques have used wifi access points as the underlying reference system to determine the location of a moving object. Additionally, even in situations where the GPS signal is poor and there is no nearby wifi access point to serve as a positioning reference, the “dead reckoning” techniques can be used to estimate the position of a moving object by advancing from a known position using course, speed, time and distance to be traveled.

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Computing with Spatial Trajectories by Yu Zheng, Xiaofang Zhou


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