By Robert F. Mullins, Jessica M. Skeie (auth.), Iok-Hou Pang, Abbot F. Clark (eds.)
Affecting over 100 million members around the globe, retinal illnesses are one of the major reasons of irreversible visible impairment and blindness, and applicable learn versions, specially animal types, are necessary to furthering our realizing of the etiology, pathology, and development of those endemic ailments. In Animal types for Retinal Diseases, famous specialists within the box spotlight important recommendations in addition to animal types for the well known retinal ailments for you to reduction within the review, improvement, and development of healing options. starting with an summary of the morphology of the retina, visible habit, and genetics and genomics techniques for retinal study, the e-book keeps by means of overlaying animal versions for the learn of particular human retinal illnesses, e.g., retinal degeneration, age-related macular degeneration, retinopathy of prematurity, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, retinal ischemia, and retinal irritation. As a quantity within the winning Neuromethods sequence, the chapters offer authoritative experiences of the main prevalent methods within the field.
Vital and simple to exploit, Animal types for Retinal Diseases serves to help the $64000 destiny learn of ocular investigators, ophthalmologists, and neuroscientists presently delving into this attention-grabbing box of study.
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Additional info for Animal Models for Retinal Diseases
This is especially true for complex diseases such as glaucoma that are common but do not appear to be affected by high frequency alleles. Instead, it is likely that low-frequency alleles in many different genes confer risk. The low frequency of these alleles added to the confounding effects of other genetic factors and environment will continue to make the identification of the genes determining disease risk challenging. To aid in the identification of specific retinal disease-causing mutations it can be advantageous to turn to animal models where well-defined large pedigrees are easy to produce and gene mapping is possible at very high resolution.
J Neurosci Methods 97:103–110 Morris R (1984) Developments of a watermaze procedure for studying spatial learning in the rat. J Neurosci Methods 11:47–60 Prusky GT, West PW, Douglas RM (2000) Behavioral assessment of visual acuity in mice and rats. Vis Res 40:2201–2209 Prusky GT, Harker KT, Douglas RM, Whishaw IQ (2002) Variation in visual acuity within pigmented, and between pigmented and albino rat strains. Behav Brain Res 136:339–348 Bowden F, Douglas RM, Prusky GT. Horizontal bias in rat visual acuity.
D) Mouse genotyping for a selection of Rd1+/+ and Rd1+/– mice by multiplex PCR for Rd1 alleles. (e) RT–PCR from retinal cDNA extracted from a selection of Opa1+/+ and Opa1+/– mice and resolved on 3% agarose using primers F3 and R8/9. Three isoforms are shown. (f) RT–PCR on retinal cDNA using primers F3 and R5 and R5b model of a human disease and also in understanding the pathogenesis of disease. Identifying genetic modifiers can gain insight into important pathways involved in disease as well as identifying molecular targets for potential new treatments.
Animal Models for Retinal Diseases by Robert F. Mullins, Jessica M. Skeie (auth.), Iok-Hou Pang, Abbot F. Clark (eds.)