Download PDF by Konrad H. Jarausch: After Hitler: Recivilizing Germans, 1945-1995

Why did the German humans tolerate the Nazi insanity? Maria Ritter's existence is haunted by way of the ever-painful, never-answerable "German query. " Who knew? What used to be identified? Confronting the profound silence within which such a lot postwar Germans buried soreness and disgrace, she makes an attempt during this memoir to provide a solution for herself and for her iteration.

Download PDF by Jakub S. Beneš: Workers and nationalism : Czech and German social democracy

This paintings tells the tale of ways nationalism unfold between business employees in vital Europe within the 20th century, addressing the far-reaching results, together with the democratization of Austrian politics, the cave in of internationalist socialist harmony ahead of global battle I, and the twentieth-century triumph of Social Democracy in a lot of Europe.

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Because of the Nazi crimes and the futility of the defense strategy, the military had lost its appeal—an entire generation now just wanted to get home as quickly as possible and return to civilian life. Even though some ex-soldier students, largely for want of clothing, still went around in “dyed uniform pieces,” they consciously sought to distance themselves from the “barracks’ tone” of the Wehrmacht. 34 For millions returning home from the war, the clearest sign of the defeat was the fraternization of German women with the Allied occupiers, because it demonstrated their lost power.

Only after the relative stabilization of the Adenauer period, during the “dynamic times” of the 1960s, did the actual breakthrough to a modern civil society occur. While the structural transformation of social conditions had already been set in motion in the late 1940s, the acceleration of the changes during this decade managed to overcome older problematic traditions, since the process was now driven forward by critical Germans themselves. As a result, the trend toward Westernization strengthened, promoted not only by the territorial shift westward and the political alliance with the West, but also by consumerism and popular culture, so much so that one might speak of an Americanization of values and behavior.

Second, “the removal of all German weapons, military equipment, camps, and depots” had largely been completed, with more than 95 percent of warships, aircraft, and so forth having been destroyed. Third, “the clearing of minefields and the demolition of fortifications and military facilities” was more than three-quarters finished. 30 30 Forced Reorientation Working through Trauma Years of propaganda proclaiming victory made it initially difficult for many German soldiers to admit their total defeat. ” When presented with the terrible images from the concentration camps, they remained incredulous: “That isn’t true.

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After Hitler: Recivilizing Germans, 1945-1995 by Konrad H. Jarausch

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