Get Advances in Passive Cooling PDF

By Mat Santamouris

ISBN-10: 1844072630

ISBN-13: 9781844072637

Following a swift elevate within the use of air-con in constructions of every kind, the power call for for powering such units has turn into an important reason for challenge. Passive cooling is more and more being regarded as the simplest substitute to air con. This e-book bargains the most recent wisdom and strategies on passive cooling, allowing construction execs to appreciate the state-of-the-art and hire proper new ideas. With separate chapters on convenience, city microclimate, sun keep watch over, air flow, floor cooling and evaporative and radiative cooling, this authoritative textual content may also be useful for architects, engineers and scholars engaged on development physics and low-energy layout. Advances in Passive Cooling is a part of the simplest sequence, edited through Mat Santamouris. the purpose of the sequence is to give the most up-tp-date, top of the range theoretical and alertness orientated fabric within the box of solar power and effort effective structures. prime foreign specialists conceal the suggestions and applied sciences that shape the foundation of high-performance, sustainable structures, the most important to improving our outfitted and concrete atmosphere.

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A further fundamental question has also been raised by Humphreys and Nicol (1996) about the assumption behind the PMV equation itself. The PMV equation is based on the assumption that the thermal sensation of a person (away from neutral) is a function of the thermal load on the body, which is 6 Advances in Passive Cooling then expressed as a deviation from a state of thermal neutrality. This is different from the comfort criteria in the equation for comfort expressed in terms of heat balance, mean skin temperature and sweat secretion (Fanger, 1970).

What we try to show in this chapter is that the ‘traditional’ approach to thermal comfort arises from the needs of the heating and cooling industry predicated on their need to provide a predefined set of indoor conditions that are calculated to be optimal, with a minimum of active participation by occupants. Most passive buildings, on the other hand, require their occupants to take an active role in controlling the indoor environment. This makes the adaptive approach, developed from observations of user behaviour, better suited to the needs of designers who use passive cooling and heating in their buildings.

Changes in air movement are often achieved through the use of controls (but also by moving to a new place), although the physical effect is to change the comfort temperature. These responses are far from random. People evolve, perhaps over millennia, a locally appropriate type of building, clothing, diet and way of life that enable them to be generally comfortable within their normal environment. These learned patterns of behaviour are an integral part of the local culture and ensure that individuals do not risk losing control over their internal thermal equilibrium despite the fact that at some points in the day or night the thermal environment they experience may be hostile.

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Advances in Passive Cooling by Mat Santamouris

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